Ramayana Trail Expedition

Embark on a spiritual journey through the mythical landscapes of Sri Lanka with our Ramayana Trail Expedition. In the epic Ramayana, Lanka serves as a pivotal setting, home to the formidable King Ravana and his opulent palaces of gold. Follow in the footsteps of Lord Rama’s army as they construct the legendary bridge to Lanka and ultimately triumph over Ravana to rescue Sita. Today, Sri Lanka, once known as Lanka, holds immense significance for millions of Hindu devotees who journey here to honor this ancient legend. Explore the sacred sites woven into the fabric of Hindu mythology, each offering a profound connection to the timeless narrative of the Ramayana.

  9 DAYS / 8 NIGHTS  

Visit Muneeshwaram:
Legend: Lord Rama, after his victorious battle, left for Ayodhya in one of King Ravana’s vimanas. He felt pursued by ‘Brahmahasthi Dosham’ for killing King Ravana, a Brahmin. Halting the vimana, Rama sought a remedy from Lord Shiva at this juncture. Lord Shiva advised installing four lingams: Manavari, Thiru Koneshwaram, Thiru Ketheshwaram, and Rameshwaram in India, as the sole remedy to rid himself of ‘Brahmahasthi Dosham.’
Location: About 1.2 km from Chilaw town, on Chilaw – Kurunegala Road.
Note: In Tamil, ‘Mun’ means ‘long time ago,’ and ‘Eeswaram’ signifies ‘Siva temple.’ The temple is open from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm. Two annual festivals are celebrated in February and August. Initially destroyed by the Portuguese, it was reconstructed in 1753. Later, it was renovated and reconstructed by Kumaraswami Kurukkal in 1875. The construction of the “Kopuram” was completed in 1963.

Visit Manavari:
Legend: Munawari is the first place where Lord Rama installed the Siva Lingam and prayed after the end of the war with King Ravana. This Lingam is called Ramalingam because it was made by Lord Rama. Apart from this, the lingam in Rameshwaram is renowned worldwide, named after Lord Rama.
Location: On the Chilaw – Puttalam road, about 10 km from Chilaw. From the airport, it takes about 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Note: The annual festival takes place in July for 10 days. Temple visiting hours are from 6:30 am to 12:30 pm and from 4:00 to 7:00 pm.

Visit Wariyapola in Kurunegala:
Legend: Researchers believe that there were more than 5 which were used by King Ravana and his mighty army to land and take off their vimanas. These vimanas were used for both goods and passenger carriers. Identified airports are Weragantota in Mahiyangana, Thotupala Kanda in Horton Plains, Usangoda on the Southern Coast, Wariyapola in Kurunegala, and Wariyapola in Mattale. Same as Thotupola Kanda at Horton Plains.
Note: Very flat area surrounded by hills

Visit Dolu Kanda, Sanjeewani Drops:
Legend: During the war, both Lord Rama and Lakshmana were hit by powerful arrows, fell unconscious and to bring them back to life Lord Hanuman was instructed to fetch the lifesaving herbs from Himalaya. Lord Hanuman went to Himalaya, lifted the whole hill and brought it, as he was not able to identify the lifesaving herbs alone. It is believed that parts of the hill fell on five places in Sri Lanka, namely Rumasala in Galle, Dolu Kanda in Hiripitiya, Ritigala on the Habarana Anuradhapura road, Thilladi in Mannar, and Kachchativu in the North.
Location: Hiripitiya

Visit Ritigala, Sanjeewani Drops:
Same as other Sanjeewani Drops.
Location: Habarana
Note: Hill climb

Legend: It is believed that on his return Lord Rama stopped at this place to reach Thiru Koneshwaram. He rested his bow on the ground here. Bow meaning ‘vil’ and ‘undri’ meaning ‘to Place’ or ‘rest’ in Tamil gave this place Vilundri its name.
Location: In the Trincomalee Town.

Legend: It is believed that Kanniya is the place where King Ravana carried out the last rites for his mother. When he was not able to find water to perform his rites, he in sheer anger pierced the ground with his trishul seven times, and water started gushing out immediately. It is believed that the anger of the king subsided on seeing the water and similarly the warmth of the water also re-duced. The Temperature of the water different in each of the seven wells.
Location: About 10 km from Trincomalee town on the Trincomalee – Anuradhapura road.

Thru Koneshwaram Temple:
Legend: Thiru Koneshwaram was built by sage Agasthyar as per the instruction of Lord Shiva who was impressed by the devotion of King Ravana. This place has the uniqueness of the Lord building a temple for his devotee as a reward for his devotion. Lord Rama also offered his prayers on his re-turn to get rid of the Brahmahasthi Dosham
Location: In the Trincomalee Town
Note: This is situation within the Dutch Fort. People are allowed to walk to the temple without any special approval.


Lord Rama Temple at Rattota:
Location: Rattota, Matale
Access: Rattota is 9.5 km from Matale en route to Riverston
Note: There are only a few temples for Lord Rama in Sri Lanka, and this is one of them.

Legend: The cartel of rocks behind the Dunuvila Lake are called Laggala, which means target rock. Laggala served as a sentry point to King Ravana’s army, and it was from this rock that the first glimpse of Lord Rama’s army was seen and reported to King Ravana. This hill is geographically the highest part of the northern region of King Ravana’s city, and on a clear day, the northeast side, Thiru Koneshwaram, and northwest side, Talai Mannar, could be seen. It is believed that King Ravana meditated upon Lord Shiva at Thiru Koneshwaram from this rock.
Location: North of Matale

Legend: It is believed that there was an aircraft repair center in the capital city of King Ravana. In Valmiki’s depiction, King Ravana’s Vimana resembled a huge Peacock. The vimana in Sinhala language means Dhandu Monara, which is known as a flying peacock, and hence the name Gurulupotha, which means parts of birds.
Note: Same as Sita Kotuwa in Gurulupotha.

Sita Kotuwa:
Legend: The city had a beautiful palace for Queen Mandothari surrounded by waterfalls, streams, and varieties of flora and fauna. Sitadevi was kept in this place until she was moved to Ashoka Vatika. Sita Kotuwa means Sita’s fort and got its name because of Sita devi’s stay here.
Location: Gurulupotha, Hasalaka
Note: Archaeological site

Legend: It is believed that King Ravana’s body after his death was kept upon this rock Yahangala – meaning bedrock. His body was kept here for his countrymen to pay their last respects to their dear departed king. Geographically, this rock is visible from miles away on its 3 sides.
Location: In the Mahiyangana – Wasgamuwa road

The Chariot Path and Sita Tear Pond:
Legend: It is believed that the barren land here is on the route in which King Ravana took Sitadevi from his capital city Lankapura to Ashoka Vatika, which was a paradise on earth. To date, no vegetation grows on this passage except grass. King Ravana took this passage on top of the hills to show Sitadevi the beauty of his kingdom. There is a pond found en route, believed to have been formed by the tears of Sitadevi.
Location: The jungle on the top of Ramboda Hills.
Note: The Sita Tear Pond never dries up even during severe droughts when the adjoining rivers dry up. In the area, there are many large trees whose bright red blooms add color to the scenery. These flowers are called Sita flowers. The peculiarity of these flowers is the configuration of the petals, stamens, and pistils, which resemble a human figure carrying a bow and are said to represent Lord Rama. These flowers are unique only to this area in the whole of Sri Lanka.

Ravana Goda:
Legend: It is believed that Sitadevi stayed here during her transit.
Location: Kotmale area opposite Ramboda Hills.
Note: Extremely difficult access to the caves. The caves are accessed by foot. This area is also linked with tunnels and caves, which run through to other parts believed to be King Ravana’s kingdom.

Sri Baktha Hanuman Temple:
Legend: It is believed that Lord Hanuman was searching for Sitadevi from these hills of Ramboda.
Location: Thawalamtenna, Ramboda
Note: Hanuman is the presiding deity on this hill. Special poojas are conducted on every full moon day and are witnessed by thousands of devotees. The statue of Lord Hanuman here is carved out of granite and is 16 feet high.

Legend: Kondagala, like many other cities and villages in Sri Lanka, also derives its name from the Ramayana. It is believed that when King Ravana took Sitadevi in a chariot to Ashoka Vatika, her hair got deranged because of the speed of the chariot. Konda Kalai in Tamil means deranging of hair. Till date, the villagers live with the legacy of this event.
Location: Kondagala, Labookelle

Mani Kattuther:
Legend: It is believed that after meeting Sitadevi, Lord Hanuman rested on this hilltop on his way back to Lord Rama with the happy news.
Location: This rock is in the Labookalle estate, Kondagala, Labookelle.
Note: An open temple with statues of Lord Rama, Sitadevi, Lord Lakshmana, and Lord Hanuman stands at this location, which is frequently visited by the locals.

Gayathri Peedan:
Legend: Gayathri peedam is believed to be the place where King Ravana’s son Meghanath propitiated Lord Shiva with penance and pooja and, in turn, was granted supernatural powers by Lord Shiva.
Location: Nuwara Eliya town.

Note: This is the first temple built for Gayathri Amman in Sri Lanka, and the Shiva Lingam in this temple was brought from the holy river Narmada.

Sita Pokuna:
Legend: The barren piece of land in the midst of the jungle where Sitadevi was kept as a captive is called Sita Pokuna, which means Sita’s pond in Sinhalese. It is believed that a pond existed at this site during the captivity of Sitadevi. Local folklore says that the pond dried up after the departure of Sitadevi from this site. To date, no vegetation grows on this particular piece of land, which is surrounded by dense forests on all sides.
Location: Jungle on top of the Hakgala Rock.

Seeta Amman Temple:
Legend: There is a stream by the side of the temple. It is believed that Sitadevi bathed in this stream. It is interesting to note that footprints akin to Lord Hanuman’s are found on the rocks along this river, with some being of small size and some of large size, indicating the immense power of Lord Hanuman transforming himself into any size.
Location: Seetha Eliya
Note: Now there is a temple for Lord Rama, Sitadevi, Laxshmana, and Hanuman.

Legend: A research center.
Location: Welimada

Ishtripura / Konda Kattu Gala:
Legend: Ishtripura means an area of women in Sinhalese. It is believed that this was one of the places to which King Ravana shifted Sitadevi as a precautionary measure after Lord Hanuman’s advent. It is said that Sitadevi took a bath in nearby stream and dried her hair sitting on a rock and put clips to her hair, hence this rock is known as Konda Kattu Gala.
Location: Kirivanagama, Lunuwatta. 13 km from Welimada.
Note: There are many interconnecting tunnels and caves in this area. This appears to be a part of a great ingenious network of paths, which are connected to all the major areas of King Ravana’s city.

Legend: This is the place where Sitadevi underwent “Agni” test. Sita reached her husband. Meeting him after such a long time, she was overcome by joyous emotion. But Lord Rama appeared to be lost in thought. At length, he spoke, “I have killed my enemy. I have done my duty as a true king. But you have lived for a year in the enemy’s abode. It is not proper that I should take you back now.” Sitadevi was shocked. Is it my fault that one monster carried me off by force? All the time, my mind, my heart, and soul were fixed on you and you alone, my Lord,” she said and turned to Lakshmana and said with tears streaming from her eyes, “Prepare for me a fire, that is the only remedy for this sorrow of mind.” Lakshmana in suppressed anger, looked at Lord Rama’s face, but saw no sign of softening. He lighted a big fire. Sitadevi reverently went round her husband and approached the blazing fire. Joining her palms in salutation, she said “If I am pure, O fire, Protect me.” With these words she jumped into the flames, to the horror of the monkeys who stood on all sides watching the tragic sight. Then arose from out of the flames unharmed, and presented her to Lord Rama. “Don’t I know that she is spotless and pure at heart?” cried Lord Rama., standing up to receiver her. “It is for the sake of the world that I made her go through this ordeal of fire, so that the truth may be known to all”
Location: 20 km from Seetha Eliya on Nuwaraeliya Welimada road.
Note: A popular place of worship among locals in that area. Divurumpola means a place of oath. Today the temple is revered for the oath taken by Sitadevi, and even the legal system permits and accepts the swearing done at this temple while settling disputes between parties.

Ravana Cave:
Legend: These tunnels prove beyond doubt the architectural brilliance of King Ravana. These tunnels served as a quick means of transport through the hills and also as a secret passage. These tunnels networked all the important cities, airports, and dairy farms. A close look at these tunnels indicated that they are man-made and not natural formations. The Buddhist shrines at Kalutara were where once King Ravana’s palace and a tunnel existed. Existing tunnel mouths are situated – Isthripura at Welimada, Ravana cave at Bandarawela, Senapitiya at Halagala, Ramboda, Labookelle, Wariyapola/Matale, and Sitakotuwa/Hasalaka. In addition, there are many more tunnels.
Location: From Bandarawela pass Ella to Ravana Cave

Legend: This is the temple of Lord Karthikeya Subramaniam at Kataragama. Lord Karthikeya was requested to go to the battlefield by Lord Indra on the last day of war. This was done to protect Lord Rama from the wrath of Brahmaastharan shot by King Ravana which otherwise would have weakened Lord Rama. Brahmaastharan aimed at Lord Rama for the second time was rendered useless by the presence of Lord Karthikeya.
Location: South East of Sri Lanka.

Legend: According to Ramayana, after meeting Sitadevi, Lord Hanuman decided to test the strength of the mighty king Ravana and his army of Rakshasas. In the events that unfolded, Lord Hanuman’s tail was set on fire by the Rakshasas, who in turn went on to torch some parts of King Ravana’s empire. It is believed that Ussangoda is one of the torched areas, which is said to have been an airport used by King Ravana.
Location: On the southern coast of the country.
Note: The soil in this area still has the blackened, burned, scorched effect as a reminder of Lord Hanuman’s escapade. It is also evident that the soil in the surrounding area is of a different color and has plant life.

Legend: It is believed that from here Sugreeva, king of the Vanara’s, started his onslaught on King Ravana’s forces.
Location: On the Colombo – Matara main road.
Note: The southernmost part of Sri Lanka is called Dondra, and further up towards the west is called Seenigama Hikkaduwa.

Rumassala Sanjeevani Drops:
Legend: During the war, both Lord Rama and Lakshmana were hit by powerful arrows, fell unconscious, and to bring them back to life Lord Hanuman was instructed to fetch the lifesaving herbs from Himalaya. Lord Hanuman went to Himalaya, lifted the whole hill, and brought it, as he was not able to identify the lifesaving herbs alone. It is believed that parts of the hill fell on five places in Sri Lanka, namely Rumasala in Galle, Dolu Kanda in Hilripitiya, Ritigala on the Habarana Anuradhapura road, Thilladi in Mannar, and Kachchativu in the North.
Location: Unawatuna, Galle.
Note: Now there is a statue of Lord Hanuman at the site.

Panchamuga Anjenayar Temple:
Location: Kalubowila, Dehiwala.
Note: A temple dedicated to Anjenayar in Sri Lanka. The only temple in the world to have a chariot for Anjenayar.

Kelaniya Buddhist Temple:
Legend: It is believed that Kelaniya is the place from where King Vibeeshana ruled after being crowned by Lakshamana. As Lord Rama was in exile for 14 years and could not take part in any coronation ceremony, he deputed his younger brother Prince Lakshmana to crown Vibeeshana. Today, in this very place, a Buddhist shrine and a temple for King Vibeeshana exist. There are murals enshrined outside the Buddhist temple depicting the crowning of King Vibeeshana. Today, temples for King Vibeeshana are found throughout Sri Lanka, and he is still considered one of the guardian deities of Sri Lanka. A painting of King Vibeeshana adorns the walls of the new parliament. This goes on to prove that his stand toward dharma and justice made him revered in Sri Lanka.
Location: About 10 km from Colombo – Kandy road.